Tuesday, July 29, 2008

Liquor Spiked Barleywine

Bottled Liquor Spiked BarleywineHere is the most recent batch I bottled, a massive malty liquor infused barleywine. This is actually the strongest beer I have bottled to date at over 12.5% ABV, it probably needs at least 6 months in the bottle to mellow out before I drink more than a bottle to check the carbonation (which is fine because a 95 degree day does not scream barleywine to me).

The batch was inspired by, but not a clone of, Lost Abbey's Angel's Share. For once I actually had a bottle of the beer to be inspired by as I got a bottle for being part of the Sinners Club. The beer is basically an imperial brown ale aged in bourbon or brandy barrels. It amazingly delicious and complex with a dry enough finish and enough hidden alcohol to make it dangerous.

Many people might look at my recipe with 2 lbs of crystal and .2 lbs of honey malt in just 3.4 gallons and say that it will leave too much residual sweetness. However, between the 3 hour mash at 150, .5 lbs unrefined sugar, and highly attenuative US-05 yeast it got down to 1.020 (very close to the 1.018 I measured for Angel's Share).

The only major snag I encountered on this batch was the same as my most recent Flanders Red, the beer simply did not start fermenting. I still blame the Campden Tablet water treatment, but in the end the beer tastes fine and all it cost me was a few pints of beer because I was forced to rack the beer an extra time.

After primary fermentation ended I divided the batch into three jugs for secondary. To the first jug I added .5 oz of heavy toast American oak that had been soaking in Bourbon along with 3 tbls of Makers Mark to heighten the Bourbon flavor. To the second I added .5 oz of Hungarian oak that had soaked in Cognac along with 3 tbls of Courvoisier VS. The third jug was left plain so I will be able to see exactly how the oak/liquor versions compare to the base beer.

Adding liquor is something that as homebrewers we can do easily, technically though it is illegal for professional breweries to do. Aging their beers in old liquor barrels that still have some of the liquor soaked into the wood is a way for them to sidestep this law. Recently though it seems as if this loophole may be closing, California is considering upping the tax rate for any beer that gains more than .5% ABV from the residual liquor in a barrel.

Look for a full tasting of this batch sometime in early 2009.

Liquor Spiked Barleywine

Recipe Specifics
Batch Size (Gal): 3.40
Total Grain (Lbs): 14.28
Anticipated OG: 1.112
Anticipated SRM: 23.7
Anticipated IBU: 71.4
Brewhouse Efficiency: 71 %
Wort Boil Time: 120 Minutes

11.00 lbs. Maris Otter
1.00 lbs. Wheat Malt
0.75 lbs. CaraMunich Malt
0.50 lbs. Pilloncillo
0.50 lbs. English Crystal 55L
0.25 lbs. CaraVienna Malt
0.19 lbs. Honey Malt
0.09 lbs. Chocolate Malt

1.50 oz. Galena (10.10% AA) @ 60 min. (pellet)
1.00 oz. Cascade (5.75% AA) @ 30 min. (pellet)

0.50 Whirlfloc Tablets @ 15 Min.
0.25 tsp. Yeast Nutrient @ 15 Min.
1.00 oz. Medium Toast French Oak Beans 66 Days

US-05 American Ale Yeast

Mash Schedule
Sacch Rest 180 Min. @ 150

Brewed 4/28/08 By myself

Crushed the grains the night before. Added 1/4 (crushed/dissolved) campden tablet to unfiltered DC tap water in the morning. Mashed in during my lunch break, and did not sparged until after work (thus the long mash time).

Sugar was a half cake of Goya Pilloncillo added to the kettle at the start of the sparge to dissolve. Collected 6 gallons of 1.070 wort (including the sugar) pre-boil.

Ended up a bit higher OG than I planned, but I'll leave it as is. The longer mash seemed to boost efficiency a bit for such a big beer.

Chilled to 70, then placed in the freezer at 62 F. Gave it a 60 seconds of pure O2, then pitched a pint of 2 week old slurry from the IPA which had received fresh wort.

After 24 hours there was no activity so I boosted the temp to 65 and gave it a quick shake.

5/01/08 Still no activity, fearing the worst I racked to secondary and added a rehydrated pack of US-05.

5/02/08 Nice full krausen going, finally.

5/09/08 Upped temp to 68 to help it finish, still has a small but thick krausen.

5/11/08 Down to 1.040 (64% AA, 9.6% ABV) Still has a krausen so hopefully it will continue to drop another 20 points. Moved out of the fridge and gave it a heating pad to keep the temp around 70.

5/15/08 Still putting out the occasional bubble but the krausen is just about gone, down to 1.029 (74% AA 11.1% ABV).

5/22/08 Racked to three 4L jugs after 3 weeks in primary. Two full, one with .5 oz brandy soaked Hungarian cubes and and one with .5 oz bourbon soaked American cubes. One half full with nothing added.

5/24/08 Gravity down to about 1.020 (82% AA, 12.3% ABV) Added 2 tbls of each liquor to their respective jugs (Courvoisier VS and Makers Mark). 1 tbls of 80 proof liquor raises the alcohol by only .1%.

6/21/08 Added another tbls of liquor to each, both taste pretty good. The flavor is still a bit rough, but getting there.

7/04/08 Airlocks had gotten pretty low, might have gotten a hint of oxidation, but the flavor is still continuing to mellow and improve.

7/28/08 Bottled with 10 g of cane sugar per gallon plus some rehydrated S-04. Got 9 bottles of each of the Bourbon and Cognac jugs, and 5 bottles of the plain. Plus 2 blended bottles to test carbonation in a few weeks. Aiming for 2.2 volumes of CO2. I am not sure if the S-04 will have the alcohol tolerance to do the job, but I can always reyeast if needed. There is no hurry as July in DC is not the right weather for a 12.5% Barleywine.

12/26/08 Added some dried champagne yeast to aid in carbonation.

5/05/09 Still basically no carbonation. Blended a bottle each of the bourbon and the brandy with equal parts of the Funky Old Ale, entering the blend in the SoFB as an Old Ale.

1/17/10 Got around to doing a tasting with forced carbonation.  Pretty tasty, with the Brandy and Plain being more drinkable and complex than the Bourbon spiked version.


Josh said...

Sorry, what is "US-05" yeast?

Gizoogle gives me a dry yeast from Safale. Is this correct?

The Mad Fermentationist (Mike) said...

You've got it, I always keep a pack in my refrigerator as a back up in case my primary yeast decided to die on me (like on this batch).

US-05 (formerly US-56) is very similar to the liquid American Ale yeasts (001/1056), but it is a bit more sulfury and a bit more attenuative.

Jeff said...

What yeast could you use from White Labs that would take the place of the SO 4? I suppose you would need something with a pretty high alcohol tolerance, right?

The Mad Fermentationist (Mike) said...

Any high ABV tolerant yeast strain is fine. I actually think that I may have to re-yeast my batch with another strain in the bottles, it has been 3 weeks and there is next to zero carbonation. I have some wine yeast that I may end up tossing in there.

MuddyPuddle said...

Hey Mike-

Am I reading that right? you collected 6 gals of wort from the mash and after an hour boil you had 3.4 gals left?



The Mad Fermentationist (Mike) said...

It was a 120 min boil, 3.4 gallons was the amount that went into the fermenter so that takes into account losses to the hops, and shrinkage due to cooling. I generally assume 1 gallon boil-off per hour, plus a half gallon loss due to the other factors (which lines up well with the actual numbers in this case).

MuddyPuddle said...

ah, missed the 2 hr boil. that makes sense. looking to do a solid barleywine experiment soon. thanks for sharing.