Monday, December 30, 2013

Oerbier Reserva Inspired - Dark Sour Beer

Racking from the kettle to the primary fermentor.
Dark-strong-sour beers have some serious magic in them. They age gracefully practically forever, developing deep complexities. De Dolle Oerbier Special Reserva is one of my favorites: tart, vinous, blue-cheesy, warming (but not hot, despite 13% ABV), and lightly oaky. Russian River Conseration, BFM Abbaye De Saint Bon-Chien, The Lost Abbey Cuvee de Tomme, and Boulevard Love Child are a few others worth seeking.

For the first Modern Times brew-with-Mike Kickstarter reward, I decided to brew something along the same line. I don’t know the recipe for the base Oerbier, but I’d assume a selection of specialty malts and some candi syrup are involved. In a beer like this, the specifics of the fermentables aren't terribly important as the bugs and wood will change their character. I also aimed for substantially less alcohol (8-8.5% ABV) to make it something I can drink with a bit more regularity.

For almost their first 20 years, De Dolle pitched a culture they picked up at Rodenbach. When the source dried up, they continued to repitched the culture, which eventually resulted in bottles exploding as the yeast became more attenuative and alcohol tolerant. The remaining bottles were transferred to used red-wine barrels to create the first batch of Stille Nacht Special Reserva. The result was so good they've released several versions of Stille Nacht like this (although I enjoy Oerbier Special Reserva more). A house Brettanomyces strain for these beers was re-cultured from an old keg returned from Finland.

Luckily the De Dolle's brewer’s yeast strain is purportedly available from Wyeast (3942, Belgian Wheat), unluckily the night before brewing I managed to knock my precariously balanced 5L flask off my under-sized stir-plate. A good reason to always keep a selection of dried yeasts on hand!

The two isolates from The Yeast Bay.Rather than risk pitching bottle dregs from such a strong beer, Nick from The Yeast Bay offered to culture and isolate the dregs from a bottle of the 2012 vintage that I shipped to him. The two yeasts he isolated turned out to be not particularly attenuative, which may not be the worst thing for a strong beer like this. I pitched both strains because multiple Brett isolates generally preform better than one. I saved some of each culture for single Brett trials when I get to it though.

I added a few Port-soaked oak cubes I’ve had sitting in a mason jar for a couple years when I racked to secondary. I always have oak cubes sitting in a variety of liquors, ready to add when I need them. Another nice thing to have on hand.

Hopefully this batch turns out well, we've got 30 bbls of a similar recipe (with different microbes) aging in red wine barrels at the Modern Times Beer Fermentorium!


Recipe Specifics
Batch Size (Gal): 5.50
Total Grain (Lbs): 15.00
Anticipated OG: 1.070
Anticipated SRM: 20.9
Anticipated IBU: 13.7
Brewhouse Efficiency: 70 %
Wort Boil Time: 90 Minutes

63.3% - 9.50 lbs. American Pale Malt
18.3% - 2.75 lbs. German Munich Malt
6.7% - 1.00 lbs. Candi Sugar Syrup D90
5.0% - 0.75 lbs. Biscuit Malt
5.0% - 0.75 lbs. Crystal 60L
0.8% - 0.13 lbs. Carafa Special III
0.8% - 0.13 lbs. Sauer(acid) Malt

0.63 oz. Palisade (Pellet, 6.50% AA) @ 60 min.

0.50 tsp Yeast Nutrient @ 15 min.
0.50 Whirlfloc @ 15 min.


DCL Yeast T-58 SafBrew Specialty Ale
Yeast Bay DDOSR C1
Yeast Bay DDOSR C2

Water Profile
Profile: Washington, DC

Mash Schedule
Sacch Rest - 60 min @ 151 F

11/13/13 Made a 3 L stir-plate starter of Wyeast 3942, nearly 3 months old. Started quickly.

Broke it...

5 gallons of mash water, w/ 3 g CaCl. 4 gallons sparge water with 3 g of CaCl. 2 tsp of phosphoric acid added to the batch sparge. Collected 7 gallons of 1.053 runnings. Added D90 candi syrup.

Chilled to 70 F. Added 1 packet of T58, and pitches of two isolates from Yeast Bay of De Dolle Oerbier Special Reserva (DDOSR C1, and DDOSR C2).

12/7/13 Racked to secondary with 1 oz of Port-soaked French oak cubes.

Added dregs from Modern Time Empty Hats as there wasn't much funk.

10/23/15 Added 16 oz King's Orchard Montmorency Tart Cherry Juice Concentrate (equivalent to ~10 lbs of cherries!)

9/10/16 Bottled resulting 4.5 gallons with 92 g of table sugar.


SR said...

You lucky. I strongly doubt that De Dolle yeast is really 3942. It's something similar to a weizen yeast, used one time it simply ruined my beer (I hate weizen), overwhelming banana. For me, the real De Dolle yeast is 3787 or something very very similar...

Joseph Belcher said...

Hope it turns out well. How can someone who lives in the DC area, myself, get to try any of your beer? Will any of the modern times brews be available in the area in the near future?

Teddy Holzem said...

The dark sours are definitely a complex and delicious brew. I brewed a dark sour last year, based on the Bruery's Tart of Darkness, using Wyeast 3763 Roeselare. It has a "normal" ABV in the 5-7% range. It was so good I have another batch aging in the basement. I've never tried the Oerbier Reserva, but I'm intrigued by the high ABV.

A single pack of the Roeslare blend obviously won't be able to hand the high gravity, and given the variety of bugs I don't think a starter would work out too well. I'm interested in your thoughts on a work around or staged fermentation process for a high octane dark sour that takes advantage of one Roeslare slap-pack.

Vaughn Stewart said...

I've had excellent luck with 3942, and actually think it is fairly similar to De Dolle. If you underpitch it, it is astoundingly fruity, but at the right pitch rate, it's a very nice complex Belgian ester profile.

SR said...

I can bring 3 facts:

1) I made a standard starter and the beer came out terrible (the most terrible Belgian I have ever had). A friend of mine with the same yeast came out with the same (terrible) result. Of course other people can have better results than us and probably a huge starter perfoms better but I will not give another chance to this yeast anymore

2) Here in Italy we have a brewery called Extraomnes that makes world class Belgian beers (believe me). The brewer (a friend of mine, and of Kris too) uses WM yeast for some of his beer. In particular, he makes a Kerst beer inspired by Stille Nacht. He use the same "secret" ingredient, the same "secret" mashing (I told him this after speaking with Kris) and the WM yeast he use provide the same (I mean exactly the same) profile. Also, in one of my particularly lucky Belgian brew (working with 20L is not like 2000L for a yeast as you know...) I had a pretty similar DDB profile with WM yeast. I cannot say this IS the yeast, but... it's pretty close...

3) Kris has never brewed any "wheat beer". Why should Wyeast guys have ever called the DDB yeast as "wheat"?!? No meaning... Who was the person who said that 3942 IS DDB yeast? Which insight?

Anyway, the beautiful of homebrewing is that their is not the absolute truth... so glad you had good results with this yeast. I just provide my experience...

The Mad Fermentationist (Mike) said...

The fun thing about Brett is that it really changes the ester profile of a beer, which is also why I'm not too worried about the T-58 sub anyway.

I'm often at DC Homebrewers meetings with my beer, come on out!

I always pitch brewer's yeast in addition to a souring blend or dregs. Generally all together in primary. For a bigger beer, I'd just pitch more.

I'll say Wyeast often gives their yeast confusing names. Their Biere de Garde strain was sourced from Soy, Belgium... where Fantome is. I linked to the listing of yeast origins, but I don't know where they got the info. It could be that the culture was originally cultured from De Dolle, but has shifted or needs to be used in a specific way (rate, oxygen, temperature etc.).

SR said...

Kris Herteleer notoriously says a LOT of bollocks... so no vantage in asking to him but... But if once Rodenbach stopped giving him the yeast he faced so many difficulties and Oerbier became a totally different beer, I guess that he had no laboratory help for the yeast growth... I have been there more than one time, I have some "insight" about his job and I have serious doubts about the fact he use a proprietary yeast... While the beers are world class (he is my favourite), the process is VERY artigianal... Anyway, no absolute certainty about that... But if I follow my nose, 3942 has a totally different profile and in any case you can obtain a similar DDB profile with Trappist yeast

The same apply to Fantome. I do not know which yeast he use, but I have been there and he is not exactly technological (euphemism). I love him, but in 15 years I have never tasted two identical Fantome and the sourness is simply... "magic" lactic infections... While the strawbeery is an indelible mark of his yeast and the way he manage it

So, basically, I have great doubts about the correctness of some of the yeast source you can read on the web...

lifefermented said...

Hey Mike,
I am in the midst of planning a sour barleywine with the general procedure:
(1) ferment as normal with a large pitch of neutral yeast
(2) rack to glass secondary and pitch some form of brett.
Is this a good way of going about things? Can I just pitch a vial of Brett into the secondary, or does this need to be cultured up as well? Is the glass secondary a good idea, or should I use something that will give it a bit more oxygen? Is this something that will take weeks or months before bottling after the Brett addition? Thanks!
- Dennis, Life Fermented blog

The Mad Fermentationist (Mike) said...

My preference is to pitch the standard amount of brewer's yeast you would for a clean barleywine, along with whatever additional microbes you'd like in primary together. This will give the Brett and bacteria time to get rolling without all that alcohol. No need to make a starter with the bugs.

If you want sourness, you'll need to pitch lactic acid bacteria in addition to Brett (which is mostly responsible for the fruity/funky aromatics).

You need to wait until the Brett has gotten going and then the gravity has stabilized. For a big beer like this, I'd say 6 months is the minimum. It'll improve with age though, so I wouldn't rush it along.

Sebastian said...

Just curious, with your experience, what do you anticipate the aging time will be in the secondary/bottle before it is drinkable? The last dark brett beer I made was about 3 years before it was at its peak 18mos in the secondary.

The Mad Fermentationist (Mike) said...

I'll probably go 9-12 months in secondary, then at least three months in the bottle. It'll probably improve for years after that, but hopefully it's drinkable 12-18 months from brew day.

Keeper said...


Interesting note about having soaked cubes on hand. I know you've talked about this before, but do you boil cubes before soaking? And what else do you have soaking at the moment?

Loving the book!


Keeper said...

Scratch that question. I found it somewhere else on the site. I'm going to start soaking the cubes I have. That's a great idea.

Unknown said...

I have a beer similar to this that has been in primary with sacch and bugs for 2 months. I plan on racking to a 5gal carboy secondary soon, and was thinking of racking it on top of 1 lb D90 syrup (boil water, add syrup, let cool, etc). I'm hoping this will give the bugs some simple sugars to chew on. Any reason not to do this? And would the sacch have died off/ bugs grown enough that it won't just get fermented out by the sacch within days? Thanks

The Mad Fermentationist (Mike) said...

At two months the brewer's yeast is likely still doing alright (assuming the pH hasn't dropped really low or anything). What is the gravity now? The bacteria may not need a meal, and the Brett will do its thing without much sugar. Certainly no harm in adding it now, but if you want to feed the bugs, I'd wait a couple more months.

thebeerminimum said...

Any update on this one, Mike?

Never tried Oerbier, but I read about it and was inspired to blend my clean Quad with a pale sour and let it referment in secondary. The blend was 10%abv and a very enjoyable 3.5 pH... though I suspect it will get drier and more sour.

The Mad Fermentationist (Mike) said...

The Reserva isolates just didn't seem to do much sadly, haven't pulled a sample recently. Should check back.

Glad yours sounds like it is on a nice path!

We Are Friendlies said...

Curious what ever happened to this brew? Love the Riserva and hope to sour/brett a portion of a quad I have that's about to hit secondary. May just brett a gallon or so and then blend in blonde sour/lambic to get acidity vs. hoping any bugs can do much to the 10% beer after primary.

The Mad Fermentationist (Mike) said...

Still in secondary! I added some cherry juice concentrate recently and it seems to be turning a corner, I'll probably bottle this spring if it tastes good.

Heiko said...

Hi Mike, any update on how this one turned out? Our homebrew club is getting ready for a group brew-day to fill a barrel that the generous owner of the brewery let's us keep there. We've been talking about an Oud Bruin and this recipe looks very promising.

The Mad Fermentationist (Mike) said...

The microbes let me down on this one! Added some dregs, and then cherry concentrate not too long ago, and it is tasting pretty good. Hopefully get around to bottling once things calm down post-NHC!

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