Tuesday, May 29, 2012

Hoppy American Wheat Beer Recipe

Milled wheat malt shot with my macro ring.
I've brewed a couple of hoppy wheat beers in the past, but all of them have been variations on hefe weizen. I had never made an American wheat beer in the mold of Three Floyds Gumballhead or Southern Tier Hop Sun, that is to say fermented with a clean ale yeast. 

Wheat doesn't provide much of a distinct flavor of its own; most of the character of German and Belgian wheat beers is from esters and phenols produced by their signature yeast strains. I wanted this beer to be hoppy, but with a profile that helps differentiate it from an extra pale ale. I decided to add varieties that contribute citrus and tropical notes. I know both Amarillo and Citra well, and they seemed like a good combination for the late boil addition. For the dry hop I incorporated Calypso, a new-ish variety I had never used before. Its descriptors include pear and lemon/lime, hopefully perfect for a refreshing summer wheat beer.

I have been happy with the results of using HopShots, hop extract, to bitter a few recent batches (like my Nelson Nectar IPA), but I perceive the bitterness to be softer than the manufacturer indicates. As a result, for this batch I targeted ~20% more IBUs than I would have with a standard bittering hop addition. I'm not sure if the IBUs are actually lower than suggested, or if it is just a perception resulting from smooth bitterness. I also find low-cohumulone varieties like Magnum provide less perceived bitterness compared to high-cohumulone varieties like Chinook. Cohumulone along with humulone, and adhumulone comprise the alpha acids that when isomerized are responsible for hop bitterness; the Hop Variety Handbook lists ranges for the amount of cohumulone in most hop varieties.

The hoppy wheat spent the last week dry hopping in the keg, cold and on CO2 pressure, while I was out of town. It was nice to return after a week that included 1,700 miles of driving (Audrey's graduation, Cape Cod, Hill Farmstead 2nd Anniversary Party etc.) to a bright, refreshing, and wonderfully cold beer.

Fortunate Islands #1
Recipe Specifics
-------------------
Batch Size (Gal): 5.25
Total Grain (Lbs): 9.50
Anticipated OG: 1.046
Anticipated SRM: 5.3
Anticipated IBU: 49.5
Brewhouse Efficiency: 68 %
Wort Boil Time: 70 Minutes

Grain
-------
55.3% - 5.25 lbs. German Wheat Malt
39.5% - 3.75 lbs. American Pale Malt
3.3% - 0.31 lbs. Honey Malt
2.0% - 0.19 lbs. CaraMunich II

Hops
------
5 ml       HopShot (Extract) @ 60 min.
1.00 oz. Amarillo (Whole, 10.00% AA) @ 0 min.
2.00 oz. Citra (Whole, 12.00% AA) @ 0 min.
1.00 oz. Citra (Whole, 12.00% AA) @ Dry Hop
2.00 oz. Calypso (Whole, 13.00% AA) @ Dry Hop

Extras
--------
0.50 tsp Yeast Nutrient @ 15 min.

Yeast
-----
WYeast 1056 American Ale

Water Profile
---------------
Profile: Pliny the Water

Mash Schedule
-----------------
Sacch Rest - 50 min @ 152 F

Notes
-------
Brewed 5/6/12 by myself

Mash water, 2 gallons filtered DC tap, 2 gallons distilled. 4 g gypsum, 1.5 g CaCl. Batch sparged with water that was similar except only 3 g of gypsum, and added 1/2 tsp of phosphoric acid. Collected 7.25 gallons of 1.038 wort.

Chilled to 71 F. After straining out the hops I was down to 4.75 gallons at 1.051 wort. Aerated for 30 seconds with pure oxygen.

Pitched a decanted .75 l starter from the stir-plate that had been made 36 hours earlier. Added .5 gallons of cold distilled water to dilute and chill it down a few degrees.

Placed in the fridge set to 63 F.

Allowed to warm slightly to 68 F after a few days to ensure a complete fermentation.

5/13/12 Down to 1.011. Kegged, left warm to ensure the fermentation finishes.

5/19/12 Added the dry hops in a weighted sock, and put into the fridge on 10 PSI of CO2.

6/28/12 Turned out alright. Not sure I'm a big fan of the character from the Calypso though. Next time, stick with Amarillo/Citra, and boost the mash temperature slightly.

7/14/12 Brewed a second iteration of this recipe.

5 comments:

Scott said...

I brewed almost the exact same beer 10 days ago. Half 2row, half wheat, pinch of C20. Bittered with 3.5ml of Hopshot. 50/50 blend of Citra and Amarillo at 15 and 0, and dry hopped with the same blend.

I'm curious to hear how yours turns out, as I'm going to keg mine in about 3-4 days

Billy Broas said...

Thanks for the link to the Hop Handbook, Mike. I haven't seen that before. Going to print it out and keep it very very close.

Beer Diary... said...

Ditto on appreciation for the hop reference. I don't make Am.wheat too often because of the clean (us05, wlp001, etc.)yeast but I've just purchased a pound of Calypso hops from hops direct and maybe it's time to give it another shot. Thanks for the post.
Beer Diary...

tears said...

i noticed PLINY, THE WATER in some of your brews (nelson nectar, pliny clone). Did you took a guess at it, russian river water source + rumour treatments?
mind sharing some info? sounds very interesting and wonder what is the base and how that would compare to european water.

The Mad Fermentationist (Mike) said...

It is a place holder I use when I am doing my standard adjustment for hoppy beers. I did look up the Santa Rosa water profile a few years ago and made some educated guesses at what Vinnie might do.

Ca 76
Mg 13
Na 9
SO4 133 (could go higher)
Cl 56
Carbonate 26 (I rarely get mine this low)

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